The names of Hayao Miyazaki, Mamoru Oshii, and Satoshi Kon are familiar to pretty much anyone who has an interest in Japanese animation. And it is no surprise that these are the three directors who have also received extensive attention in the English-language scholarly writing on anime. But, as was widely reported and discussed last year, Miyazaki has now effectively retired from working as a feature film director. Oshii’s last anime film was 2008’s Sky Crawlers – he has since been working primarily on live-action projects. Kon passed away in 2010.
The question of who will be the next truly major anime director has been raised time and time again in discussions about the current state of Japanese animation, and anime’s prospects for the future. Some names that have come up include Hideaki Anno, Kunihiko Ikuhara, and Mamoru Hosoda – but none of them have received the same kind of acclaim or attention as did Miyazaki, Oshii, or Kon. Granted, there were definitely quite a few responses in the literature on anime to Anno and Neon Genesis Evangelion, but, important – transformative – as that series was, it was also very much a product of a particular point in time, and he has not been able to follow it up with anything else that would be as prominent. If there is one director that has consistently been tagged as “the next Hayao Miyazaki”, it’s Makoto Shinkai. His list of credits is still modest, with only five major works, and only two of those are full-length feature films. Nonetheless, scholars have been paying more attention to Shinkai than to any other currently active anime director. And it will be interesting to see how scholars will continue to respond to the work that he has done so far – and to the work he will hopefully continue to create going forward.
This bibliography is also available as a separate page. Any new updates will be reflected on that page only, not in this post.
Makoto Shinkai: A Bibliography of English-Language Scholarship
- Duke, Shaun. The multiplicities of empire and the libidinal economy in Makoto Shinkai’s The Place Promised in Our Early Days. Science Fiction Film & Television, 7(3), 387-407.
- Bingham, Adam. Distant voices, still lives: Love, loss, and longing in the work of Makoto Shinkai. Asian Cinema, 20(2), 217-225.
- Walker, Gavin. The filmic time of coloniality: On Shinkai Makoto’s The Place Promised in Our Early Days. Mechademia: An Annual Forum for Anime, Manga, and the Fan Arts, 4, 3-18.
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- Kuge, Shu. In the world that is infinitely inclusive: Four theses on Voices of a Distant Star and The Wings of Honneamise. Mechademia: An Annual Forum for Anime, Manga, and the Fan Arts, 2, 251-266.